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Sinai and Pentecost



There are a number of interesting parallels between the experience at Mount Sinai and Pentecost AD 31 even though they are separated by nearly 1500 years.

Both events took place at the same time, some seven weeks after Passover.
Israel left Egypt from Ramsees in the middle of the first month and arrived at Sinai at the beginning of the third month "on the same day" Exodus 19:1. That accounts for 45 days. Moses ascends Sinai (that or the next day?) and is instructed in how to prepare and protect the people. He returns (the same or the next day?) and informs them that YAHWEH will meet with them in three days.
Both are accompanied with fire and shaking. Exodus 19:11; Acts 2:3; 4:31.
Both involved audible speaking: the voice of God's Son at Sinai, the apostles at Pentecost in various languages.
Both occurred on a mountain: Sinai at the Exodus, Mt Moriah/Zion in Jerusalem.
Both were for a newly born nation: Church in the wilderness and Christianity.
Both dealt with the law of God: written on stone at Sinai, on the heart at Pentecost.
Both had a mixed multitude: Israel and Egyptians at Sinai, believers from every nation at Pentecost.

Jesus was in Jerusalem at Passover on multiple occasions (Luke 2:41; John 2:13,23; 6:4; Matt 26:18) and following one of these He was on His way back to Galilee and rested at Jacob's well, just outside the city of Sychar in Samaria (John 4). This was shortly after His first cleansing of the temple at Passover in John 2 and His visit with Nicodemus following Passover in chapter 3.

A woman of Samaria comes to draw water. Jesus asks for some. The subject of conversation was water, the Gift of God in the water-scarce Middle East. Jesus offers her "living water" that will quench her thirst forever, a "well of water springing up into everlasting life." That got her attention. "Sir, give me this water!"

Jesus introduces her to His Father, God, Who is a Spirit, and invites her to worship Him in spirit and truth. He then reveals His own identity: the Anointed of God, the Messiah, the Christ. She runs back to the city, a visibly changed woman, and compels everyone to come see the Man who told her everything she ever did.

As the entire city is coming out to see Him with the woman, Jesus tells His disciples, "Do you not say, There are yet 4 months and THEN the harvest? But I say unto you, Look at the fields they are white already to harvest."

This Pentecost outpouring of the Spirit of the Father which had anointed His Son (Luke 4:18) symbolized by the living water was just seven weeks after Passover (about the beginning of the third month) and four months before the final 7th month harvest celebrated for one week called "Tabernacles."

The thematic link between Pentecost and Tabernacles is water. The "living water...a well of water" there at Jacob's well, would grow to become "rivers of living water" on the last Great Day of Tabernacles when Jesus would stand up and invite all who thirst to come to Him and drink! John 7:37,38.

There is yet a final Pentecost when the Spirit of God will be poured out "on all flesh" Joel 2:28.

Lord, give us this water!


Grace and peace be unto you from God the Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ the Son of the Father in truth and love. 2 John 3

Gary Hullquist